Shmuel Leib Melamud

In 1990-2004, the median age of the migrants to Israel was 33.6 years. In 2009, when a new increase in FSU immigration to Israel occurred, it was even lower – 33.1 years. In 1991-2004, this indicator was much higher for migrants to the USA and especially to Germany: 40.2 and 45.5 years, respectively.

Annual rate of out-migration for the immigrants from the FSU as a whole who arrived in Israel since 1990 was highest in 1992, shortly after the greatest wave of FSU immigrants arrived in Israel during the previous two years, – 16 per 1,000. Over the following years, the rate decreased rather steadily, and in 1999 it fell to 8 per 1,000. By 2002, it had returned to the level of 1995 – 12 per 1,000 and was at the same level in 2003. Since 2004 the rate has been falling and by 2009, the last year for which we have data, it returned to its lowest level of 6 per 1,000.

At the end of 2009 the registered number of FSU immigrants who left Israel and had not returned to the country was actually 101,300. In 1990-2009, about 985,100 immigrants arrived in Israel from the FSU. Thus, about 10 percent of this number left Israel without returning. [About 30% returned to the FSU and other went to Western countries - DM]

Еще интересное по реэмиграции. В 90-е гг., когда была наиболее многочисленная и молодая алия, из Израиля уезжало около 10% приехавших. В 2000-2008, когда приезжало 4-6 тыс. в год, из которых 25% были старше 65 лет, реэмигрантов стало почти 50%. В 2009, когда алия опять помолодела, реэмигрантов стало опять значительно меньше.

One consequence of the post-Soviet Jewish vital crisis and of rising mixed marriage is the recent pronounced decrease in the share of Jews among the FSU immigrants to Israel, according to official Israeli data: 96 percent in 1990, 72 percent in 1995, 45 percent in 2000 and 41 percent in 2009.

At the beginning of 2010, there were about 1.6 million “core” Jews worldwide who had originated from the FSU. On that date in the FSU, the number of remaining “core” Jews was estimated at about 330,000, of whom 205,000 lived in the Russian Federation and 71,500 were in Ukraine. About 850,000 live in Israel, 300,000 - in USA, 100,000 - in Germany (absolute majority of the total 119,000 Jewish population of Germany), 6,404 - in Australia and about 25,000 - in Canada.

Among the FSU immigrants, females outnumbered males from age 25, and after 40 the sex imbalance became noticeably pronounced: 85 or fewer males per 100 females. However, in the FSU Jewish population in general and in Russia in particular males outnumbered females in the most marriageable ages and male shortage among FSU immigrants in Israel is the result of a selective propensity to migrate by sex.

At the same time, among veteran Israelis, males outnumbered females in all ages under 35, and in more advanced ages the sex imbalance is much more moderate than among FSU immigrants: 94-98 males per 100 females. These differences produce demographic ground for the spread of mixed marriages between the two groups in the Israeli population, and female FSU immigrants according to the situation in the “marriage market” should inevitably be more prone to marry outside their origin group. In fact, according to a study based on the data of the ongoing Labor Force Survey carried out by the Israel CBS, among the FSU immigrants who arrived in Israel in 1989-1991 and were then aged 25-35, during 1989-2009 only 10 percent of the male immigrants married a veteran Israeli, whereas as many as 36 percent of the female immigrants did so.

(источник умер)


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